Original or fake? With Artificial Intelligence, videos can be manipulated so that the difference is barely visible. Examples of deepfakes.
The sympathy between Barack Obama and Trump is likely to be limited. The fact that the former US president publicly referred to the current as “dipshit”, so “idiots”, but should be considered in view of his good manners and his polished language meanwhile as excluded.
Therefore, most listeners listened to probably when the politician in April 2018 in an online video in street jargon to speak. However, it was not Obama himself who spoke the drastic words, but actor and director Jordan Peele.
The artist had used software with Artificial Intelligence to transfer his mouth movements and facial expressions to the politician. Those who did not listen and see exactly, could think the fake is genuine. That was also the goal: it was about illustrating the danger of such deep fakes.
Threat to Democracy
A closer look reveals that it can not be the real Obama. However, since the creation and release of the video in April 2018, time has passed and technology has improved since then. Some examples show how deepfakes really look like – and how they are recognized anyway..However, researchers emphasize that the technology has a lot of positive potential – for example for the film industry. So it is possible to mount the face of an actor on a figure or in retrospect adjust the mouth movements to the narration.
How that might look like, shows a video in which Nicolas Cage appears in numerous roles – for example, instead of Harrison Ford as Indiana Jones. Jesters have mounted the actor’s face in the clothing of the archaeologist and in other contexts.
The potential of the technology is demonstrated even better by a video by actor and impersonator Bill Hader: while he is simulating Tom Cruise in a talk show, he briefly assumes the features of the superstar – the software makes it possible. A fascinating and alienating effect.
From individual pictures can now create videos of people. This is what scientists have demonstrated in the service of Samsung on the basis of the Mona Lisa: The famous figure of Leonardo da Vinci, painted at the beginning of the 16th century, appears in a video as if it were still alive. The group is researching the technology because it wants to improve the quality of TV pictures.
It has also Positive Potential
Other industries may also benefit from Artificial Intelligence Imaging. For example, when automakers develop systems for self-driving vehicles, they must practice their skills. Not only in reality, but also in simulation – when programs map the road network realistically.
The chip maker Nvidia has developed a system that automatically puts images of a road in the winter in the winter – with snow on the roadside, on the trees and the roofs of oncoming cars. It is also possible to simulate a downpour or the night.