The so-called Jukebox AI independently creates new songs in various music genres. By default, all she needs is a style or an artist.
Scientists from the non-profit research company OpenAI have presented an artificial intelligence (AI) that can independently compose new music in different styles. The neural network creates both instrumental music and singing. All that is required is to specify a style or an artist who will use the AI as a model for the new work. In addition, Jukebox can also end existing songs that have not yet been completed. The developers of the AI published some of the results on SoundCloud .
The scientists used around 1.2 million pieces of music as training data, of which the neural network also received the lyrics. Half of it was in English. In addition, metadata such as the names of the artists, the genre, the mood of the music and the release date were entered into the database.
Metal, hip hop and pop music
In their publication, the developers state that the software has made great strides in terms of musical quality, consistency, the length of the audio sample and the ability to orientate itself by artist, genre and text. Demos show that not only pop music, which is often assumed to be simple, can be created by the AI, but that rock, metal and hip-hop can also be created. At the moment, however, this is still technically very complex. A two-minute song therefore takes about 18 hours of computing time.
In contrast to human composers, the AI also has significant limitations, according to the scientists. Jukebox songs can “show local musical coherence, follow traditional chord patterns and even contain impressive solos, but musical structures such as choruses are still missing.”
OpenAI is financed by Microsoft and Tesla boss Elon Musk, among others. The aim of the research facility is to bring benefits to all of humanity through the use of AI and not to restrict access to just a few profit-oriented ones.
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